The setting up of a maghreban space has always been a priority of the Kingdom of Morocco’s foreign policy. The major meetings related to this process took place in Morocco, starting with the creation, in 1948, of the Maghreb Liberation Committee that included Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian freedom fighters, and the holding in 1958, in Tangiers, of the Conference of the Maghreb Political Parties.
This four decades process, marked with important diplomatic and political efforts, was crowned by the signing, in 1989, of Marrakech Treaty, stipulating the creation of the Maghreb Arab Union (MAU) and launching the institutionalization of the Maghreban cooperation. It is a historic event that will remain largely etched on the Maghreb Peoples’ memory.
Morocco is guided, in this union perspective, by an authentic will to contribute, along with its maghreban partners, to rebuild the Arab Unity, through improving, first, the Maghreban relations and getting involved in a new era directed towards the future.
On the basis of these facts, Morocco which took the Maghreb Unity as a strategic option, reaffirmed this vision in the preamble of the new Moroccan Constitution of 2011 “…..”
Morocco considers that the setting up of the Maghreban edifice is a strategic priority of its foreign policy and is firmly committed, along with its partners, to make this Maghreban dream come true and works relentlessly to have it concretized.
Confirming these aspirations shared by the peoples of the five Maghreb countries, His Majesty The King underlined in his speech on November 6th 2011, on the occasion of the 36th anniversary of the Green March, the need to “take inclusive, synergic, forward-looking and courageous decisions”, adding that “Morocco was the first to interact with these changes, to grasp the legitimate democratic aspirations of the region’s populations and to show the latters its solidarity.”
His Majesty the King also reiterated Morocco’s readiness to “do everything at the bilateral and regional levels, for the concretization of the expectations of the present and future generations, which aspire to the advent of a new maghreban order that transcends the confinement in hardened positions and sterile antagonisms and that paves the way for dialogue, consultation, complementarity, solidarity and development; a Maghreb which, strengthened by the five countries that constitute it, would be a real engine for the Arab Unity, an active partner of the euro Mediterranean cooperation, a factor of the stabilization and the securing of the sahelo-sahara region and a major actor of the African integration”
The Royal speech, in its strategic, regional and international aspect, drew a roadmap for a future-based maghreban action that requires more efforts from all concerned parties, with a view of building a new integrated maghreban space, meant to fulfill the aspirations of the maghreban peoples for union, progress and development.
Since then, Morocco which hosts the Secretariat General Office of the AMU, fulfills, on a regular basis, all its obligations towards this Organization and takes part, in an active manner, in all the Union’s meetings and activities.
The impacts of the globalization and the repercussions of the world financial crisis should incite the Maghreb countries, to get involved in the path of a serious and constructive dialogue, for the edification of a better common future, based on the respect of sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the member states and the principle of good neighborliness, as stipulated by article 15 of MAU’s charter.
Despite the fact that inter-maghreban political relations don’t meet the aspirations of the Maghreban peoples, Morocco remains persuaded that dialogue, consultation and understanding represent the appropriate path to solve conflicts and disputes in the region.
In this respect, Morocco launched, during last years, many initiatives to bring about trust, reinforce relations with neighbors and boost the maghreban integration process.
Since the beginning of 2012, Morocco committed itself, along with its partners, to exert more efforts to explore ways and means, inn order to give a new momentum to the inter-maghreban relations of cooperation.
In this context, the Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Dr. Saad Eddine El Otmani, paid a lot visits to the countries of the AMU region and which were crowned by the holding, on February 18th 2012, in Rabat, of the 30th Meeting of the Council of the Arab Maghreb Union Ministers of Foreign Affairs.
This important meeting made it possible for the Maghreban countries to examine the different questions at the regional and international levels, to put in harmony their visions and approaches, in order to shape a new strategy for a future Maghreban action, capable of overcoming the challenges threatening the security and stability of the region.
The events that took place recently in Mali have also incited the Maghreb countries and those of the Sahel and their partners, to intensify their cooperation, to counter the new dangerous security challenges. This phenomenon of transcontinental insecurity necessitates important efforts of coordination and cooperation, in order to initiate an integrated preventive multidimensional security approach that incorporates particularly the economic development, solidarity and takes into consideration the religious, educative and cultural aspects, based on the principles of tolerance and moderation.
Morocco, while striving so that the Arab Maghreb Union could be an active force at the regional and international levels, has continuously called for a Union that ascends to the level of the other regional actors. That is why the regional integration is present in Morocco’s inclusive efforts to set in consecration the Maghreban dimension, in its privileged relations with the European Union and The United States of America.
In this respect, Morocco considers the Advanced Status with the European Union, as being the precursor of a significant relation between the Arab Maghreb Union and the European Union, dictated by economic, human and security reasons.
As for the United States of America, Morocco has always recalled the importance of dialogue with the American Administration about the Maghreb region and the events which have taken place in it, particularly in the aftermath of the Tunisian and Libyan revolutions and the other developments in the sahelo-saharan region and their repercussions on the regional and international peace and security. This justifies the importance given by the United States to the maghrebo-sahelo-saharan region.